Phi Tau Phi



Phi Tau Phi was founded at the University of Maine at Machias in October 1928, that means we're over 80 years old and still going strong! Originally Phi Tau Phi was for athletes which is why we have the school colors, white and green, but now Phi Tau Phi is open to all non-Greek women. Phi Tau Phi is the social sorority on campus. Our purpose is to hold events that people can enjoy and create a balance of schoolwork and fun! Phi Tau Phi is a local sorority, which means we are only located in Machias, we're the one and only chapter!  

We stand for and promote

Purity, Honesty, Initiative,

Trustworthiness, Ability, Understanding,

Perseverance, Happiness & Industry.  

 Don't walk in front of me, I might not follow

Don't walk behind me, I might not lead

Walk beside me and be my friend.






 Advisor: Barbie Holmes - 255-1312

Current President: Ashleigh Auger- [email protected]

Current Vice President: Rebecca Fernandez- [email protected]

[email protected] 

Professor NeCastro
Eng 113
1 December 2010

Love is Physical, Mental, Social and Spiriual

  Love is the four letter word that has a tendency to leave people speechless, but does anyone really know what love is?  According to the Marrium- Webster Dictionary love is "a strong affection for another arising out of kinship or personal ties".  Some people believe love is a spiritual, physical, social and mental matter.  It is also thought that love sometimes comes from a higher power than us and from that spiritual love we are able to love others. Any pleasure felt between any living things is often referred to as love.  This includes physical, social, spiritual and mental affection. Throughout history love has been portrayed in a variety of ways utilizing all the senses.  This is evident in Michelangelo?s  Pieta, F. Scott Fitzgerald?s The Great Gatsby, The Bible, and Bernini?s St. Teresa in Ecstasy.

Love is something that we are taught as we are growing up. The immediate bond between a parent and a child is then beginning of a life long loving process (McGrath).  As children, through our play, our schooling, and religious beliefs we are taught about love directly and indirectly.  Physical love is the feeling we get when we are with someone we love. These physical responses can include the butterflies we feel in our tummy or the warmth a mother feels holding her baby.  Mental love is the connection we feel towards someone we love. Mental love is often referred to as emotional love.  An example would be the separation anxiety a child feels when a parent leaves (McGrath).  When a community is very close they share something called social love.  This is seen in tight-knit neighborhoods and schools.  Spiritual love is something shared between a person and their god or higher being.  Different religious or spiritual groups exhibit this in special rituals they perform.  All these types of love are evident in many venues of life, including literature, artwork, music and films.

Michelangelo?s Pieta depicts portrays many visions of love. By looking at this love is evident.   Sculpted in 1499 during the Renaissance, Pieta is a beautiful image of love.  Depicted is the crucified Jesus Christ laid out upon his mother, Virgin Mary?s, lap after he was taken down from the cross.  This sculpture portrays the love between a mother and her son.  The look on Virgin Mary?s face is of compassion, which is what pieta translates into in Italian (Jeremiah).  By looking at this piece you can see the mental love that is being shared.  When growing up a son becomes more attached to his mother (Chorodow).  Internally, males become dependant on their mothers, which grows into admiration as they get older (Chorodow).  According to Sigmund Freud, boys are closer with their mothers because they see their fathers as competition (Chorodow).  In Pieta you can view the bond between mother and son.  Her body language in this sculpture also shows the physical love she has for her son.  The way her hands are positioned, it depicts a broken heart.  Her face is so elegant showing how much she loved her son.  Pieta also depicts the love of a savior to his people.  Jesus Christ died for all of his people.  As he is laying out in Virgin Mary?s arms you can see how physically exhausted his body was.  Because he loved his people so much he subjected himself to physical harm.  The look on Jesus? face also is compassionate and soft.  He demonstrates such love for his mother and his followers. Even though he was murdered, he died mercifully for the love of his people.  Because Christ was the son of God it also depicts the spiritual love he had.  He demonstrates a love of higher power.  By looking at this work of art you can see all types of love instantly.

Some people believe in a love that comes from a higher power.  The Bible is full of spiritual love.  An example of this love is in the book of John.  John 11:1-45 is the story of Lazarus who is raised from the dead by Jesus Christ.  Lazarus and his sisters were very good friends with Jesus Christ.  When Jesus heard Lazarus was ill he waited two days then headed to the town Lazarus was in.  Jesus arrived when Lazarus was already dead.  Lazarus? sisters along with many friends were weeping.  Jesus was deeply moved by this and began to weep as well.  Then Jesus looked up to Heaven, said a prayer and spoke ?Lazarus, come out!?.  The love Jesus had for Lazarus caused him to come back to life.  The love that Jesus displayed in this miracle was of a deep spiritual feeling.  Jesus also preformed a miracle for his mother because the love he had was so strong and spiritual. In John 2: 6-11 Jesus turns water into wine for his mother at a wedding. Jesus was not prepared to do this miracle however he loved his mother so much he did it anyway.    Another scene of spiritual love is seen in the sculpture St. Teresa in Ecstasy.  The sculpture by artist Gien Lorenzo Bernini shows St. Teresa being stabbed with an arrow.  Surprisingly the look on her face is not pain, but the complete opposite.  Her face displays a look of pure satisfaction, it is almost an orgasmic look.  God?s love was so strong for St. Teresa that she was caused no pain, but a feeling of divine love and joy instead.  
Love is portrayed in a variety of ways in F. Scott Fitzgerald?s novel, The Great Gatsby.  Fitzgerald utilizes many themes to it, but one of the main themes is love.  The story is set in the year 1922.  Jay Gatsby, formally known as James Gatz is one of the main characters.  Gatsby fell in love with a young woman named Daisy years ago. Ever since then he has been longing to meet with her again.  Gatsby changed his whole life in hopes to find Daisy and win her back, His new neighbor, Nick Carraway, is friends with Daisy and her husband Tom.  Gatsby has extravagant parties in hope that Daisy would come.  One day Nick agrees to have a reunion for Gatsby and Daisy (Fitzgerald, 82).  At first the reunion is awkward and Gatsby wishes it wouldn?t have happened (87).  However, after Gatsby and Daisy spend time together, they begin to laugh and it seems like they never parted (87).  Gatsby then invites Daisy and Nick to his place, so they can get a tour and see all that he has (89).  When Daisy sees where Gatsby lives she is over joyed (90).  Once inside, Gatsby shows them his luxurious home.  He shows them his expensive suits and his great possessions    ( 92).  He then shows Daisy a bunch of clippings from the news paper.  All of them were about her (93).  Shortly after Gatsby and Daisy?s reunion the truth comes out about Gatsby.  Gatsby, or James Gatz,  was from a farm and gained his wealth from things like bootlegging (100).  Daisy and Gatsby begin to spend more time together and they rekindle the love from the past, even though Daisy is married with a baby girl.  After some time Tom, Daisy?s husband meets Gatsby.  One day while all were visiting Tom and Gatsby began to argue.  It came down to an argument about Daisy (134).  Daisy and Gatsby leave together in Gatsby?s car (135).  When Tom and Nick leave, they stop because there was a car wreck, a woman was instantly killed (139).  It turns out that the woman who was hit was actually a woman named Myrtle, who was Tom?s secret lover.  People at the accident claim the car was yellow, like Gatsby?s (139).  Later that day Nick talks to Gatsby about the accident and Gatsby admits that Daisy was driving and killed the woman (143).  However Gatsby decides to take the blame in order to protect Daisy (143).  In the end Gatsby dies.

This dramatic, soap opera-like, novel is all a love story.   Jay Gatsby?s love for Daisy was so strong it caused him to go to extremes.  He even changed his name from James Gatz to Jay Gatsby.  He spent years gathering money to impress Daisy because she was very materialistic.  His mansion, new car and fancy suits were all for Daisy?s approval.  Mentally, Gatsby could not let go of Daisy.  He would stand in his yard and stare across at her house across the lake and reach out his arms to the glowing light from her deck.  She became an obsession, almost.   His extravagant, luxurious parties were in place to impress Daisy, even though she went to almost none of his parties.  He exhausted himself to impress this girl that he loved so much.  He changed socially, mentally and physically all for the love of Daisy.  He moved to the town in lived in so he could be closer to her.  Gatsby took the blame for Daisy when she murdered someone.  His life is revolved around this girl that he once had relations with.  He did anything he could that would increase his chances with Daisy because the love he had for her was so strong.

In The Bible, Jesus Christ?s social love is also evident.  In the book of Matthew, Jesus preaches to young children.  Matthew 19 tells the story of Jesus preaching to many people.  At one point someone brings children to him, but his disciples told them not to bother Jesus.  But Jesus said ?Let the children come to me. Don?t stop them.  For the Kingdom of Heaven belongs to such as these? (Matthew 19:14).  He then blessed the children.  Socially, love was present between Jesus Christ and the children.  In Mark 1 a story is told about Jesus healing a man with leprosy.  This man was a social outcast and did not experience the social love of everyone else (Mark 1: 40).  Jesus demonstrated love for this man and through his compassion healed the man so he could once again be joined with the ones he loved without being unclean. Jesus continued to do miracles like this through his love.  In Mark 5 Jesus, again, performed a miracle.  Like the man with leprosy, a woman was very ill and could not participate with her community.  She too, lacked the comfort of social love.  This woman saw Jesus preaching and reached up and touched his cloak (Mark 5:28).  She was instantly healed.  Because of her intense spiritual love for Jesus she was no longer ill.  Jesus helped her become part of her society again so she too, could love socially.
The Song of Solomon is a book in The Bible that is full of love.  The Song of Solomon 1: 1-4 talks about the love someone has for another person.  Verse two reads ?Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth! For your love is better than wine? (The Songs of Solomon 1:2).  So much is said in such a short line.  The act of kissing is a form of physical love but believing someone?s love is better than wine is a mental kind of love.  Solomon displays human love finding its highest fufillment in the love between a husband and wife.  He also uses metaphors and imagery to demonstrate spiritual love finding its highest fufillment in the love of God and his creation.  
Love is a part of everyday life.  Physical, mental, social and spiritual love are all intertwined and are often difficult to separate.  Love can be  displayed in the simplest forms such as a mother to a child to the sophistication of an artist?s eye to his canvas. 

Works Cited

Bernini, Gian Lorenzo. St. Teresa in Ecstasy. 1647-52. Marble. Santa Maria 
della Vitoria, Rome. 

Chodorow, Nancy. ?Family structure and feminine personality?. Feminizism 
and the Study of Religion. (2001): 81-100.

Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. New York: Scribner, 1925.

Jeremiah, David. ?The Pieta?. Turning Point. (2009): 1-5.

McGrath, Ellen.  ?The Power of Love.? Psychology Today. (2002): 4.

Michelangelo. Pieta. 1499. Sculpture. Vatican City.

The New Revised Standard Catholic Bible. American Bible Society. New York.

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